Chronology of Armed Struggle in Greece 1975-2005

History of Urban Guerrilla in Greece

post image

1975
29 April 1975: arson attacks on eight cars U.S. in Elefsina – ELA

July 20, 1975: arson attacks on national tourist office in Vula and Vuliagmeni – ELA

1 November 1975: Bomb attack on PIX Department Stores in Athens – ELA

23 December 1975 shooting death of CIA station chief in Athens Richard Welch – 17 N

1976

29 January 1976: property damage at a  Pitzos industry exhibition in Athens – ELA

27 February 1976: Attack on American Express and Chase Manhattan Bank – ELA

6 March 1976: firebombs destroy 6 buses and cause damage to other 8 buses of the Athens transport services, against the privatization of the Athens transport companies – ELA

* 2 April 1976: attack on the headquarters of American Express Bank in Athens – ELA

* 10 September 1976: Fire set, but does not ignite at offices of the Chamber of Commerce – ELA

* 11 September 1976: Attack on the Skalistiri company office (in support of strikes) – ELA

* 14 October 1976: attack on two offices of Siemens in Athens – ELA

* 13 November 1976: attack on a building site for an office of the police special forces – ELA

* 13 November 1976: failed bomb attacks on trucks and machines of PIX and Coca Cola – ELA

* 14 December 1976: Execution of Evangelos Mallios Junta torturer- 17 N

1977

15 January 1977: Arson attack on the Atticon cinema  in Piraeus against the Entebbe-Film – ELA

* 12 February 1977: Attack on cinema, which showed the film “-One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest” ELA

* 20 Feburary 1977: attack on a warehouse of the company Stasinopoulou – ELA

* 22 Feburary 1977: attack on the multinational business firm Pessin – ELA

* 30 March 1977: 14 American cars burned in different areas of Athens – ELA

* 2 May 1977: damage to the building of the company Skaistiri and failed arson attack on the building Bodosakis – ELA

* 14 July 1977: Bomb attack on offices of American Express – ELA

* October 9, 1977: Bomb attack on officers’ club of American military base in Athens – ELA

* 20 October 1977: Attempted arson attack on Siemens in response to the  Stammheim murders in the resultent shootout  Christos Kassimis is killed ( a founding member of the ELA) – ELA

* 15 November 1977: arson attack on the office of the fascist party – LEA claimed by “Revolutionary Popular Struggle”.

* Nov 20, 1977: Two bombs against Bosch and arson against Bosch for the fallen combatants in Stammheim – ELA

1978
* 1 January 1978 arson attack on 7 buses of the Athens public transport services carried out in opposition to privatization – ELA

* 30 January 1978 arson attack on national tourist office in Alimos – ELA

1979
13 January 1979: Bomb attack on police car outside a police station in Athens – ELA

* 30 January 1979: five bombs destroy five buses in the bus station – ELA

* 31 January 1979: execution of the torturer of the military dictatorship Petros Babalis – 17N

* 12 March 1979: arson attack on two buses of the Athens transport services- ELA

* March 19, 1979: Arson attack on four Mazda buses – ELA

* 14 April 1979 bomb attack on  the offices of the Chamber of Commerce in Athens – ELA

* 27 April 1979: Attack on Tax Office in Athens – ELA

* 22 May 1979: Bomb attack on the Labor Court in Athens – ELA

* June 8, 1979: Bomb attack on offices of the Greek tobacco industry – ELA

* 7 July 1979: two bombs in a warehouse of the company Petzetakis in support of a strike – ELA

* 12 July 1979: bombing of the airport company – ELA

* Jul 26, 1979: Bomb attack on the building of the Ministry of Education – ELA

* Aug 10, 1979: two bombs in the building of the Athens transport services – ELA

1980

* 16 Jan. 1980: execution of the Vice-Director of the police special unit MAT Pantelis Petrou (intelligence officer during the junta) and his driver, police officer Sotiris Stamoulis – 17 N

* 9 May 1980: Bomb attacks on 22 U.S. cars in Athens – ELA

* Jul 18, 1980: Arson attack on four refrigerator trucks owned by the Marinopoulos company (largest supermarket in Greece) – ELA

* August 1980: Bomb attacks on two trucks of the municipal sanitation services  – ELA

* Aug 28, 1980: Bomb attack on the building of the national tourist office in Athens – ELA

* 18 October 1980: Bomb attack on a building of  the national insurance – ELA

* Oct 30, 1980 bombing of the power supply of the firm Psigia Ellados AE – ELA

* 12 November 1979: Bomb attacks on Dimitra and Mainopoulos supermarkets in Athens – ELA

* 19 December 1979 attack on the department stores Minion and Katranzos – ELA

1981
* 26 January 1981: fire bombing against the office of the national electricity company – ELA

* 17 April 1981: car bombing of a Lebanese Falangist who was an entrepreneur in Greece – ELA

* 5 May 1981: bomb destroys the car of the 1 Secretary of the Political Bureau of the American Embassy Luis Jensen – ELA

* 8 May 1981: four bomb attacks on police stations in Athens – ELA

1982

* 31 March 1982: two bombs at the home of U.S. Ambassador – ELA

* 26 April 1982, two bombs at IBM – ELA

* 27 April 1982 arson attack destroys the car of CIA agent Stan Walegra – ELA

* 2 June 1982: Attack on American cars and multinational companies – ELA

* 3 June 1982: failed bomb attacks on three U.S. banks in Athens – ELA

* 2 July 1982: Triple attack on Israeli targets and interests,  in solidarity with the Palestinians and three bombings against U.S. targets – ELA

* July 31, 1982 bombing of the Office of Greek Shipowners – ELA

1983
13 April 1983:  failed bomb attack on Saudi Arabian ambassador in Athens – Omada Epanastatikis Laikis Allilegiis revolutionary group Popular Solidarity.

* 15 November 1983: Execution of the highest  ranking American military representative in Greece naval officer George Tsantes and his driver Nikos Veloutos – 17 N

1984

3 April 1984: U.S. Army Sgt Robert Judd shot – 17N

* 30 September 1984: triple bomb attacks on the building of the Ministry of Industry, Ministry of Labor and the Office of the state trade unions – ELA

1985

21 February 1985: execution of the owner of the conservative newspaper Apogeumatini Nikos Momferatos as a CIA agent, his bodyguard Panayiotis Roussetis is mortally wounded – 17N

* 1 April 1985: execution of the prosecutor Theophanopoulos – Anti-State Struggle

* 15 May 1985: Christos Tsoutsouvis (anti-state struggle) killed in gun battle, three policemen dead, two comrades escape

* 1 July 1985: bombing of the Hotel Apollon Pallas and several kilos of explosives  found in front of the American military base in Athens – ELA

* 26 November 1985: Car bomb attack on a bus in the MAT. One dead, 14 injured. The attack was in response to the murder of a 15-year-old anarchist (Michalis Kaltezis) by a policeman – 17N

1986

19 February 1986: Bomb attack on the Ministry of Environment – ELA

* 18 March 1986: two bombs in the building of the Greek-American Union – ELA

* 8 April 1986: execution of the steel industrialist Dimitris Angelopoulos as a typical representative of the Greek bourgeoisie – 17N

* 15 June 1986: arson attack on the office of the ruling party PASOK- Anarchist Action

* 26 July 1986: triple bombing against: the office of the company Piraiki-Patraiki, the company Skalistiri and another wounds a policeman – ELA

* 12 August 1986: attack against Mollis City Bank – ELA

* October 1986: a triple bomb attack on two labor unions and a government office – ELA

* 5 October 1986: Series of bomb attacks against tax offices as a response to a large tax increase, which mainly targets the working class – 17N

* 11 October 1986: Bomb attack on the Athens City Hall – ELA

* Oct 20, 1986 bombing at police station in Athens – ELA

1987

4 February 1987: The physician Kapsalakis shot in the legs, as a warning to a clique of doctors who enriched themselves through exploitation – 17N

* 11 February 1987: Attack on an office of the Finance Ministry – ELA

* 24 April 1987 bomb attack on a bus with U.S. soldiers. 17 injured – 17 N

* 30 April 1987: two attacks on tax offices and an attack on the office of the firm Union Carbitt – ELA

* 14 May 1987: two bombs against the Ministry of Agriculture – ELA

* 29 June 1987: execution attempt against the head of the national labor unions – May 1

* 10 August 1987: Another attack on a bus carrying American soldiers – 17N

* 19 August 1987: Bombing of Finance Ministry – ELA

* 19 September 1987: two bombs on PIEX – ELA

* 1 October 1987 shootout with police, Michalis Prekas shot and two comrades arrested (Marinos, Smirneos)

1988

22 January 1988: Bomb attack on CIA agent George Karos – 17N

* 1 March 1988: execution of industrialist Alexandros Athanassiadis-Bodossakis-17N

* 23 March 1988: car bomb attacks on Turkish diplomats – 17N

* 27 April 1988: Bomb attacks on two tax offices and a police station Thessaloniki – ELA

* 21 May 1988: three bomb attacks on a nightclub, a coffee shop and a police station – ELA

* 28 June 1988: execution of the senior US military staffer, William Nordeen with a car bomb – 17N

* 5 July 1988: two bombs at the offices of the Ministry of Industry – ELA

* 15 August 1988: attack on a police station, where weapons, uniforms and stamps were seized – 17N

* 2 December 1988: three attacks: European Investment Bank, EC office, another building – ELA

1989

10 January 1989:  Prosecutor Costas Androulidakis shot in the legs and dies because of poor medical care from blood loss. – 17N

* 18 January 1989: Prosecutor Panayiotis Tarasouleas shot in the knees. Both were targeted for their role in legal proceedings  between workers and employers – 17N

* 23 January 1989: execution of the prosecutor Vernardos – May 1

* 22 February 1989: bomb attacks against two villas owned by Greek businessmen – 17N

* 10 April 1989: Bomb attack on the president of the Association of Judges Samouil – May 1

* 8 May 1989: Bomb attack on PASOK Minister George Petzos – 17N

* 25 May 1989: Simultaneous bomb attacks in Athens and Thessaloniki against facilities of the state insurance – ELA

* 1 June 1989: Bomb attack on the building of the Ministry of Justice – ELA

* 8 June 1989: two letter bombs against two journalists, as a warning (they do not explode) – ELA

* 13 June 1989: three bomb attacks on buildings of the Interior Ministry and tax offices – ELA

* 26 September 1989: The conservative parliamentarian and spokesman of the ruling New Democracy party Pavlos Bakoyannis shot – 17N

* 2 November 1989: two failed bomb attacks on the police general Antonopoulos – ELA

* 8 December 1989: Bomb attack on police station Athens – ELA

* 24 December 1989: 17N-commando capture in a military depot sixty bazooka rockets and a  large quantities of arms and explosives – 17 N

1990

5 February 1990: Attack on the Athens War Museum , in which a rocket launcher is seized. – 17N

* 19 February 1990: execution of the prison psychiatrist and torturer Maratos – Revolutionary Solidarity

* 3 April 1990: Bomb attacks on the building of the state trade unions, Finance Ministry,  and Board of Industry and Trade in Athens and Thessaloniki – ELA and 1 May

* 15 May 1990: Bomb attacks near the homes of persons involved in the military-industrial complex – 17N

* 10 June 1990: Rocket strike on Procter & Gamble’s headquarters in Athens – 17N

* 20 November 1990: Failed rocket attack on the shipowner Vardis Vardinogiannis because of an accident, in which workers lost their lives. – 17N

* 16 December 1990: Rocket attack on the offices of the European Union. -17N

1991

* 24 January 1991: attacks on the offices of the French military attache, the British bank Barclays and several Citibanks, against the Iraq war – 17N

* 28 January 1991: Bomb attack on a U.S. insurance agency and a American Express office – 17N

* 29 January 1991: Rocket strike on the headquarters of BP – 17N

* 11 March 1991: the destruction of five tourist buses – 17N

* 12 March 1991: remote-controlled bomb kills U.S. Air Force Major Roland Steward – 17N

* 31 March 1991: rocket attack on Pentelikon Hotel – 17N

* 31 March 1991: three bombs attacks on Citibanks in Athens – ELA and 1 May

* 1 April 1991: bombing of UN building – ELA/1.Mai

* 3 April 1991: five fire and explosive attacks, one of them outside the French Embassy – ELA/1.Mai

* 25 April 1991: sinking of the tug Karapipers 6 in the port of Perama – 17N

* 2 May 1991: rocket attack against the the offices of DEI – 17N

* 7 May 1991: Two  rockets strike the German firm Siemens in Marussi – 17N

* 16 May 1991: Rocket attack against the Halyps cement company – 17N

* 28 May 1991: two rockets strike the brewery of the German firm Lowenbrau in Atalalantie-17N

* 2 June 1991: Rocket attack on two oil refineries in Corinth – 17N

* 5 June 1991: The editor of the Eleftherotypia, Seraphim Fyntanidis is jailed due to the release of 17N statements.

* 24 June 1991: six policemen injured by bombing in Athens – ELA/1.Mai

* 16 July 1991: attacks on Turkish diplomats, in solidarity with the Turkish revolutionary movement and to commemorate the anniversary of the occupation of Cyprus by the Turkish military. – 17N

* 16 July 1991: four bombs against  Life Insurance offices – ELA/1.Mai

* 7 October 1991: execution of the Turkish diplomat Cetin Gorgue – 17N

* 2 November 1991: Rocket attack on a MAT bus. One death (Nikos Varis) and seven wounded. The cause was the actions of the police against striking workers and students. – 17N

* 17 November 1991: double attack on office of DEI- the National Electricity Company and the National Insurance Office IKA –

* 20 November 1991: shootout with the police during an attempt to arrest militants trying to steal a car – 17N

* 8 December 1991: Rocket attack on the company Biochalko – 17N

1992

12 February 1992: attempted bombing of a nightclub – ELA/1.Mai

* 26 February 1992: Bomb attack on police bus – 19 policemen injured – ELA/1.Mai

* 17 March 1991: Two bombs at the car of the Chairman of the EC office and a diplomatic car, a bombing at the National Bank of Greece – ELA/1.Mai

* 20 March 1992: two bomb attacks – ELA/1.Mai

* 30 March 1992: two bombs in courthouses in Thessaloniki – ELA/1.Mai

* 31 March 1992: Attack on nightclub – ELA/1.Mai

* 14 July 1992: Failed rocket attack against the conservative economy minister Ioannis Paleokrassas. Death of an uninvolved bystander (Thanos Axarlian), resulting in harsh criticism of 17 November – 17N

* 31 November 1992: Rocket attack on the tax authorities of Nea Philadelphia – 17N

* 3 December 1992: attempted attack on the tax office of Maroussi – 17N

* 21 December 1992: Conservative delegate Eleftherios Papadimitriou shot in the knee for his role in the privatization of state enterprises. – 17N

1993

February – March 1993: Rocket attack on five tax offices and vehicles – 17N

* 24 February 1993: unsuccessful bombing of two Greek banks – ELA/1.Mai

* 23 March 1993: two bombings against the  Commerce ministry – ELA/1.Mai

* 7 April 1993: four explosive and three fire bombs on seven buses of the Athens transport service- ELA/1.Mai

* 1 October 1993: two bombs in the building Athens transport service – ELA / 1 May

1994

24 Januar1994: execution of the former chairman of the Greek national bank, Michalis Vranopoulos – 17N

* 3 February 1994: Bomb attack on the Goethe Institute – ELA/1.Mai

* 16 March 1994: attack on the facilities of “European Research” and the French Institute – ELA/1.Mai

* 11 April 1994: rocket strikes against against the Athens offices of Alico and the National Netherlands, and on the same day two rockets are found aimed against  against the British aircraft carrier Ark Royal – 17N

* 21 April 1994: two explosive and incendiary bombs against cars of the French Academy and an unexploded bomb against a Dutch embassy car – ELA/1.Mai

* 21 April 1994: bombing of a truck in owned by the firm Miele – 17N

* 24 April 1994: bombing of the UN building – ELA / 1 May

* 25 April 1994: Abortive bomb attack against the Greek immigration authorities, which belong to the UN – ELA / May 1

* 18 May 1994: a rocket strike at the office of IBM leads to property damage – 17 N

* 7 June 1994: unexploded bomb at the Embassy of Belgium – ELA / May 1

* 24 June 1994: Bomb on the new building of the EU – ELA / 1 May

* 4 July 1994: execution of the highest Turkish diplomat Omer Haduk Sipahioglou in retaliation for a murder committed by the Turkish secret service. – 17N

* 11 July 1994: Bomb on building the alliance – ELA/1.Mai

* 19 September 1994: Bomb attack on police bus, a policeman dead and 12 injured – ELA / 1 May

* 6 December 1994: Bomb on a tax office in Athens – ELA/1.Mai

* 21 December 1994: Bomb in a tax office in Piraeus – ELA/1.Mai

1995

* 24 January 1995: Attack on Athens University – last action of – ELA / 1 May

* 15 March 1995: Rocket attack on television station MEGA because of the “anti-people propaganda of the mass media” – N 17

1996

* 15 February 1996: Rocket attack on the U.S. Embassy – 17 N

1997

* 11 May 1997: Bombing of the coast guard in Piraeus – Revolutionary Cells

* 28 May 1997: Execution of shipowner Costas Peratikos because of his decision to close his yards and lay off all workers – 17 N

* 19 August 1997: Bomb attack on the office of former Home Secretary Stelios Papathemelis – Revolutionary Cells

* December 1997: arrest of anarchist Nikos Maziotis in relation to the the bombing of the Department of Commerce

1998

* 3 February 1998: Bomb attacks on two McDonalds outlets – 17N

* 19 February 1998 bombing of the office of General Motors – 17 N

* 8 April 1998: Rocket attack on Citibank – 17N

* 12 May 1998: Bomb attack on Chrysler and Opel – 17N

* 28 June 1998: firearms discharged against a courthouse – Red Line

* 30 June 1998: Bomb attack on the building of the Ministry of Education (responsible for the recruitment of teachers), three police officers injured – Revolutionary Cells

* 29 December 1998: Bomb attacks on Citibank and Barclays – Revolutionary Cells

1999

* 1 April: unsuccessful missile attack against PASOK’s central office in Athens – 17N

* 3 April 1999: Bomb attack on local office of PASOK – 17N

* 24 April 1999: firearms discharged against UN office – Red Line

* 27 April 1999: Bombing at Hotel Inter-Continental against the Economist Forum, female bystander is killed – Revolutionary Cells

* 5 May 1999: Rocket attack on Chase Manhattan, Midland and Banque National de Paris – 17N

* May 7, 1999: Bomb attack against the Dutch ambassador – 17N

* 9 May 1999: firearms discharged against offices of Inter-America (insurance company) and American Express – Red Line

* 16 May 1999: Rocket attack on the residence of the German ambassador in Athens – 17N

* 19 December 1999: Bomb attack on Texaco – Revolutionary Cells

2000

* 28 February 2000 bombing of company METKA (in relations to mines in Kosovo) – Revolutionary Cells

* 5 March 2000: Attack on the construction company ACTUATOR – Revolutionary Cells

* 8 June 2000: execution of the British military attaché Stephen Saunders for his role in the war in Yugoslavia – 17N

* 14 October 2000: unexploded bomb targets ex-Minister for Shipping Sumakis – Revolutionary Cells

* 13 November 2000: three bomb attacks on two U.S. banks and the studio of a sculptor who has worked for the American Embassy – Revolutionary Cells

2002

* 29 June 2002: Arrest of the seriously injured Savas Xiros and the destruction of  17N

* 10 July 2002: bomb outside a branch of “Hellas Flying Dolphin” in Piraeus – New ELA

2003

* February 2003: arrest of members of ELA and repression of the organization.

* 12 June 2003: attack on “Alico” insurance offices  in Athens – Revolutionary Action from the people, LED

* 6 September 2003: double attack on  courthouse in Athens, a police officer slightly injured – Revolutionary Struggle, EA

* 11 November 2003: Police defuse an explosive device in front of  Citibank branch in the Athens district of Zografou – Organization Christos Kasimis

2004

* 14 March 2004: bombing of  Citibank, Athens – Revolutionary Struggle, EA

* May 2004: a triple bomb attack on the police station of the Athens district of Kallithea, 100 days before the Olympic Games in Athens – Revolutionary Struggle, EA

* 29 May 2004: Unknown persons deposit a bomb in the buildings of the Bar Association of Larissa

* June 2004: Bombing of the office of the Rover car company in Athens – LED

* 29 October 2004: Attack on two police buses in Athens fails – Revolutionary Struggle, EA

* December 2004: Bomb explosion at the site of  the Technical Olympic in the southern suburb of Athens, Alimos (construction firm), against the Olympics- Revolutionary People’s Action

* 11 December 2004: Bomb explodes in the Olympic Airways technical service.

2005

* 24 May 2005: Bomb explodes at the offices of J & P Avax in Ambelokipi (construction firm), 150 meters away from the Athens police headquarters  – Revolutionary People’s Action

* 2 June 2005: Bomb explodes in front of the Athens Department of Labor, Revolutionary Struggle, EA

* July 2005: Bomb explosion at a construction site of the  Actuator construction company in Petralona close to the city center of Athens  – Revolutionary People’s Action

Εικόνες:

O σχολιασμός έχει απενεργοποιηθεί.

Creative Commons License

Όλα τα περιεχόμενα αυτού του δικτυακού τόπου είναι ελεύθερα προς αντιγραφή, διανομή, προβολή και μεταποίηση, αρκεί να συνεχίσουν να διατίθενται, αυτά και τα παράγωγα έργα που πιθανώς προκύψουν, εξίσου ελεύθερα, υπό τους όρους της άδειας χρήσης Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License