Κολομβία: μάχες

Δύο τηλεγραφήματα, ένα από το ΑΠΕ κι ένα από το Γαλλικό

ΑΠΕ Κολομβία-Συντονισμένη επίθεση ανταρτών σε πέντε κωμοπόλεις. Ημερομηνία - Ώρα : 15/04/2005-0417 Κολομβία Μπογκοτά ΑΠΕ-Ρόιτερ Δεκάδες αριστεροί αντάρτες επιτέθηκαν σε πέντε ορεινές κωμοπόλεις στη νότια Κολομβία, με συνέπεια να σκοτωθούν τέσσερις αστυνομικοί και ένα κορίτσι, πριν αναδιπλωθούν, όπως ανακοίνωσαν οι αρχές. Ο στρατός και η αστυνομία ανακοίνωσαν πως οι αντάρτες των Επαναστατικών Ενόπλων Δυνάμεων της Κολομβίας συγκρούσθηκαν με τις κυβερνητικές δυνάμεις στις κωμοπόλεις Ρικουάρτε, Σαμανιέγο και Γκατσάβες, στην επαρχία Ναρίνο και στις κωμοπόλεις Χαμπάλο και Τορίμπιο, στην επαρχία Κάουκα. Ειδικά στην περιοχή Χαμπάλο, ο στρατός αντεπιτέθηκε χρησιμοποιώντας αεροσκάφη και ελικόπτερα, και ύστερα από μάχη έξι ωρών οι αντάρτες υποχώρησαν. Στην κωμόπολη Γκατσάβες σκοτώθηκε ένας αστυνομικός και τρεις στην Τορίμπιο, μαζί με ένα κορίτσι που δεν έχει διευκρινισθεί η ηλικία του. Συνολικά τραυματίσθηκαν οκτώ αστυνομικοί και 15 πολίτες. ****************************************************** κι ένα από το ΓΑΛΛΙΚΟ που λέει ότι πέντε στρατιωτικοί, μέλη 11μελούς στρατιωτικής περιπόλου που εφέροντο ως αγνοούμενοι, βρέθηκαν νεκροί σε νακροπέδιο, σε μια περιοχή στα Β.Α. της χώρας, όπου υπάρχει πολύ ισχυρή παρουσία ανταρτών, έγινε γνωστό από στρατιωτική πηγή. AFP Colombie-violence 15/04/2005-2106 EUA0577 2 I 0068 COL /AFP-UZ61 Colombie-violence URGENT Cinq militaires tues par des mines (source militaire) BOGOTA, 15 avr (AFP) - Cinq militaires d'une patrouille de 11 soldats portes disparus sont morts en passant dans un champ de mines dans le nord-est (bien: nord-est) de la Colombie, une region ou les organisations de guerilla sont tres presentes, a-t-on appris vendredi a Bogota de source militaire

>Paper reprints authorised. Electronic redistributors >must request permission from Amnesty International. >Contact: ua@amnesty.org.uk >- ------------------------------------------------------ >PUBLIC AI Index: >AMR 23/005/2005 >~ 1 April 2005 > >_UA 78/05 _* >Fear for safety/death threats * > >*COLOMBIA * > >*Danilo Rueda (m) >Other members of the non-governmental human rights organization >Comision Intereclesial Justicia y Paz, Inter-Church Justice and >Peace Commission* > >A written death threat has been delivered to the offices of the >non-governmental human rights organization Comision Intereclesial >Justicia y Paz, Inter-Church Justice and Peace Commission. The >letter was addressed to Justicia y Paz member Danilo Rueda, and >threatened him and other members of the organization. > >Danilo Rueda had to leave the country temporarily after a similar >death threat two years ago, and Amnesty International believes he >and other members of Justicia y Paz are in grave danger. > >The threat was delivered to the organization's offices in the >capital, Bogota, on the morning of 29 March. It accused Danilo >Rueda and other members of the organization of being guerrilla >supporters. > >It read: Danilo Rueda Q.E.P.D: No vamos a permitir que el yugo >opresor de la guerrilla terrorista vuelva a la region...Todos los >de justicia y pas (sic) quedan tambien advertidos. Viva la >libertad no a las viejas opresiones terroristas en estafetas de >derechos humanos. ("Danilo Rueda R.I.P: We will not allow the >oppressive yoke of the terrorist guerrilla to return to the >region... All members of Justice and Peace are warned. Long live >freedom, no to the old terrorist oppression in the name of human >rights.") > >Justicia y Paz had recently intervened in a hearing of the Inter- >American Court of Human Rights of the Organization of American >States. They were lodging a complaint that indigenous, Afro- >descendent and peasant farmer communities were being driven off >their land by the actions of the army and their paramilitary >allies in the departments of Curvarado, Jiguamiando and Choco. > >Danilo Rueda and Justicia y Paz received death threats in November >2002 and February 2003. Danilo Rueda was forced to flee the >country, and remained abroad for six months to escape attack. (See >UA 42/03, AMR 23/015/2003, 11 February 2003.) > >BACKGROUND INFORMATION >Justicia y Paz campaigns on behalf of civilian communities in >conflict regions in Colombia, which suffer human rights violations >at the hands of the security forces and their paramilitary allies. >The security forces and the paramilitaries have frequently accused >them of being "subversive". They have a policy of labelling human >rights organizations as guerrilla collaborators or supporters, so >they can present them as legitimate targets in their war against >guerrilla forces that has continued for over 40 years. People >labeled in this way are often attacked or killed by >paramilitaries. In recent months the security forces have accused >Justicia y Paz members of being guerrilla supporters on several >occasions. >Armed opposition groups have also threatened and killed civilians >they accuse of siding with their enemies. > >RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send appeals to arrive as quickly as >possible, in Spanish or your own language: >- - urging the authorities to guarantee the safety of Danilo Rueda >and other members of Justicia y Paz, in line with the Inter- >American Commission of Human precautionary measures issued in >September 2003; >- - expressing concern at the death threat sent to Danilo Rueda and >other members of the Justicia y Paz on 29 March; >- - calling for a full and impartial investigation of the threat, >for the results to be made public and those responsible brought to >justice; >- - urging the authorities to take immediate and effective action >deemed appropriate by those under threat, to ensure that members >of Justicia y Paz can carry out their legitimate and important >work for the defence of human rights in safety; >- - reminding the authorities of their obligations to human rights >defenders, as laid out in the UN Declaration on the Right and >Responsibility of Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to >Promote and Protect Universally Recognised Human Rights and >Fundamental Freedoms, the Organization of American States Human >Rights Defenders in the Americas resolutions and in repeated >recommendations made to them by the UN; >- - urging the authorities to take immediate action to dismantle >paramilitary groups, in line with stated government commitments >and UN recommendations. > >APPEALS TO(Time difference = GMT - 5 hrs / BST - 6 hrs): >_President _ >Senor Presidente Αlvaro Uribe Velez >Presidente de la Republica, Palacio de Narino, Carrera 8 No.7-2, >Bogota, Colombia >Fax: 00 57 1 337 5890/342 0592 >[Salutation: Dear President Uribe/ Excmo. Sr. Presidente Uribe] > >_Vice-President _ >Vicepresidente de la Republica de Colombia >Dr. Francisco Santos Calderon >Vicepresidencia, Carrera 8A No 5-57,Bogota,Colombia >Fax: 00 57 1 565 7682 >[Salutation: Excelentisimo Sr. Vicepresidente/ Dear Vice- >President] > >_Attorney General_ >Dr. Luis Camilo Osorio >Fiscal General de la Nacion, Fiscalia General de la Nacion, >Diagonal 22B 52-01 (Ciudad Salite), Bogota, Colombia >Fax: 00 57 1 570 2000 (you will hear a message in Spanish >asking you to enter extension 2017) >[Salutation: Dear Dr. Osorio / Estimado Dr. Osorio] > >PLEASE SEND COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO: His Excellency Mr Alfonso >Lopez-Caballero, Embassy of Colombia, Flat 3a, 3 Hans Crescent, >London SW1X 0LN. Fax: 020 7581 1829/020 7589 4718 Email: >mail@colombianembassy.co.uk > >AND, IF POSSIBLE, TO THE FOLLOWING: >_Non-governmental human rights organization_ >Comision Intereclesial Justicia y Paz >Calle 50 No13-19 Oficina 203 >Bogota >Colombia > >PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Please do not send appeals after >12 May 2005. > > >- ---------------------------------------------------- > >SHOULD YOU MENTION AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL IN YOUR APPEALS? The name of >Amnesty >International may be used unless otherwise stated in the text above. >Letters written in a private or personal capacity >may be more effective. >FAX NUMBER NOT WORKING? Officials will sometimes switch off their fax >machines to stop appeals arriving ? >please keep trying. If you can't get through, please >put your appeal in the post. If a number is unobtainable please inform >the Urgent Action team. >EMAIL ADDRESS NOT WORKING? Please send a copy of the delivery error >report to ua@amnesty.org.uk >RECEIVED A REPLY FROM A GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL? Please send it or a copy to >the Urgent Action team. If >appropriate, thank the official who has replied and ask to be kept >informed about the case.

από Γ.Κ. από Σ.Α.Σ. 16/04/2005 1:24 πμ.


Paper reprints authorised. Electronic redistributors >must request permission from Amnesty International. >Contact: ua@amnesty.org.uk >- ------------------------------------------------------ >PUBLIC AI Index: >AMR 23/006/2005 >~ 4 April 2005 > >_Further Information on UA 78/05(AMR 23/005/2005, 1 April 2005) _ >*Fear for safety/ Death Threats New Concern: Abduction* > >*COLOMBIA * > >*Danilo Rueda (m) >Other members of the non-governmental human rights organization >Comision Intereclesial Justicia y Paz, Inter-Church Justice and >Peace Commission including: >New Names: Enrique Chimonja (m) >~ Edwin Mosquera (m) >~ Johana Lopez (f) >~ Monica Suarez (f) >~ Fabio Ariza (m)* > >Five of the human rights activists named above, who work for the >Inter-Church Justice and Peace Commission (Comision Intereclesial >de Justicia y Paz ) were reportedly abducted at 7:00am on 31 March >by armed gunmen who allegedly identified themselves as members of >the guerrilla group Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia >(Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, FARC). > >Enrique Chimonja, Edwin Mosquera, Johana Lopez, Monica Suarez and >Fabio Ariza were reportedly abducted from the hamlets of Pueblo >Nuevo and Bella Flor Remacho in the Jiguiamiando River Basin, >department of Choco. They were working with Afro-descendent >communities living in this area and the neighbouring Curvarado >River Basin. These communities have attempted to assert their >right as civilians not to be drawn into the conflict between left- >wing guerrillas and government security forces backed by >paramilitaries, by insisting that armed groups remain outside the >areas where they live which they have declared "humanitarian >refuge zones", ("zonas humanitarias de refugio"). The communities >have in recent years faced repeated death threats and have been >victim to human rights violations committed by army-backed >paramilitary forces operating in the area, despite the heavy >presence of the security forces in areas which give access to >these river basins. In February, Amnesty International received >information that paramilitaries had entered the Jiguiamiando >territory and set up camp opposite the community of Pueblo Nuevo. > >The abductions have taken place days after Justicia y Paz received >a written death threat labelling its members as guerrillas, and >days after statements made by high-ranking government officials >which in effect call into question the legitimacy of the stance >taken by these civilian communities to remain outside the >conflict. They also come in the wake of repeated accusations by >members of the XVII Brigade of the Colombian Army that the >Justicia y Paz activists operating in the region are guerrilla >collaborators. On 26 March, witnesses reported seeing four truck- >loads of army-backed paramilitaries leaving the municipality of >Belen de Bajira in the direction of the Jiguiamiando River Basin. >The route taken reportedly took the paramilitaries past a XVII >Brigade army post. The soldiers reportedly withdrew from this post >shortly before the paramilitaries travelled passed. For these >reasons there is serious concern that those responsible for the >abductions could be army-backed paramilitaries. > >The abductions have also taken place days after Justicia y Paz had >intervened in a hearing of the Inter-American Court of Human >Rights of the Organization of American States by calling for the >safety of the Jiguiamiando and Curvarado communities. The >organization lodged a complaint that indigenous, Afro-descendent >and peasant farmer communities were being driven off their land by >the actions of the army and their paramilitary allies in the >communities of Curvarado and Jiguiamiando. On 15 March 2005 the >Inter-American Court of Human Rights had ruled that the Colombian >State should take action to guarantee the safety of the >"humanitarian refuge zones". > >On 2 April, a delegation including members of Justicia y Paz and >other national and international human rights organizations >travelled to the area to establish what has happened to the five >human rights activists. > >RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send appeals to arrive as quickly as >possible, in Spanish or your own language: >- - expressing concern for the safety of Enrique Chimonja, Edwin >Mosquera, Johana Lopez, Monica Suarez and Fabio Ariza who work for >the Inter-Church Justice and Peace Commission (Comision >Intereclesial de Justicia y Paz ) and who were reportedly abducted >at 7:00am on 31 March 2005 from the hamlets of Pueblo Nuevo and >Bella Flor Remacho in the Jiguiamiando River Basin; >- - calling on the authorities to establish whether guerrilla forces >or army-backed paramilitaries are responsible for the abductions >and to bring those responsible to justice; >- - calling for all measures, deemed appropriate by Justicia y Paz >and the communities of Jiguiamiando and Curvarado, to be taken to >guarantee their safety; >- - calling on the authorities to guarantee the safety of the >"humanitarian refuge zones" in line with the ruling of the Inter- >American Court of Human Rights on 15 March 2005 which calls for >special protection measures for these zones and for the >Jiguiamiando and Curvarado communities to be consulted on the >implementation and planning of measures to guarantee their safety. > >APPEALS TO(Time difference = GMT - 5 hrs / BST - 6 hrs): > >President >Senor Presidente Αlvaro Uribe Velez >Presidente de la Republica, Palacio de Narino, Carrera 8 No.7-2, >Bogota, Colombia >Fax: 00 57 1 337 5890 >~ 00 57 1 342 0592 >[Salutation: Excmo. Sr. Presidente Uribe /Dear President Uribe] > >Vice-President >Vicepresidente de la Republica de Colombia >Dr. Francisco Santos Calderon >Vicepresidencia, Carrera 8A No 5-57, Bogota, Colombia >Fax: 00 57 1 565 7682 >[Salutation: Excelentisimo Sr. Vicepresidente/ Dear Vice- >President] > >Attorney General >Dr. Luis Camilo Osorio >Fiscal General de la Nacion, Fiscalia General de la Nacion, >Diagonal 22B 52-01 (Ciudad Salite), Bogota, Colombia >Fax: 00 57 1 570 2000 (you will hear a message in Spanish asking >you to enter extension 2017) >[Salutation: Estimado Dr. Osorio /Dear Dr. Osorio] > >PLEASE SEND COPIES OF YOUR APPEALS TO: His Excellency Mr Alfonso >Lopez-Caballero, Embassy of Colombia, Flat 3a, 3 Hans Crescent, >London SW1X 0LN. >Fax: 020 7581 1829 >~ 020 7589 4718 >Email: mail@colombianembassy.co.uk > >AND, IF POSSIBLE, TO THE FOLLOWING: >Non-governmental human rights organization >Comision Intereclesial Justicia y Paz >Calle 50 No13-19 Oficina 203 >Bogota >Colombia > > > >PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Please do not send appeals after >16 May 2005. > >- ---------------------------------------------------- > >SHOULD YOU MENTION AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL IN YOUR APPEALS? The name of >Amnesty International may be used unless otherwise stated in the text >above. Letters written in a >private or personal capacity may be more effective. >FAX NUMBER NOT WORKING? Officials will sometimes switch off their fax >machines to stop >appeals arriving ? please keep trying. If you can't get through, please >put your appeal in the post. If a number is unobtainable please inform >the Urgent Action team. >EMAIL ADDRESS NOT WORKING? Please send a copy of the delivery error >report to >ua@amnesty.org.uk >RECEIVED A REPLY FROM A GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL? Please send it or a copy to >the >Urgent Action team. If appropriate, thank the official who has replied >and ask >to be kept informed about the case.

ΑΠΕ Κολομβία-18 νεκροί από την αντεπίθεση κυβερνητικών δυνάμεων κατά ανταρτών στην Κολομβία. Ημερομηνία - Ώρα : 18/04/2005-0327 Κολομβία Μπογκοτά ΑΠΕ-Γαλλ Πρακτ Τουλάχιστον 16 αντάρτες των Ενόπλων Επαναστατικών Δυνάμεων της Κολομβίας (FARC) και δύο στρατιώτες έχασαν τη ζωή τους χθες κατά τη διάρκεια αντεπίθεσης που εξαπέλυσε ο κολομβιανός στρατός στην περιοχή του Τορίβιο, στα νοτιοδυτικά της χώρας, όπως ανακοινώθηκε από επίσημες πηγές. Η επιχείρηση του στρατού εξαπολύθηκε έπειτα από την επίθεση, που πραγματοποίησαν δυνάμεις του FARC στην περιοχή, κατά την οποία βρήκαν τον θάνατο τρείς αστυνομικοί κι ένα κορίτσι, ενώ τραυματίσθηκαν άλλα 23 άτομα.

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